Idah Mbengo

  • Rhodes University, PhD Environmental Science


I am a Zimbabwean woman studying towards a PhD in Environmental Science at Rhodes University in South Africa. My study seeks to contribute to the debate on the uptake of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) practices using critical realism. CSA has been proposed as a panacea for problems experienced by small-scale farmers in African in the wake of climate change. There are concerns about the low uptake of CSA and the sustainability of this approach. I argue that critical realism advocates for an open system and layered ontology.